Urinary Tract Infection, Everything You Need to Know

published on: 26th july, 2021

What’s a urinary tract infection?

A urinary traction infection (UTI) is a very common type of infection in your urinary system. Symptoms typically include needing to urinate often, having pain when urinating and feeling pain in your side or lower back. Most UTIs can be treated with an antibiotic for bacterial infection which usually caused the majority of UTI, and minority caused by viruses or

Where does it happen?

A UTI can involve any part of your urinary system, including the urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidneys.

Lower UTI, if it is involved the urethra and bladder which is the most common type of UTI especially in women in her sexually active life and after menopause.

Upper UTI, if it is involves the ureter and kidney, which is associated with more severe symptoms like fever, chills, vomiting and abdominal pain.

Who gets urinary tract infections?

Urinary tract infections can affect anyone, but they are more frequent in women because females' urethras (tubes that carry urine out of the bladder) are shorter and closer to the anus, which is where E. coli germs thrive.

  • Older adults are more likely to get UTIs, age is considered a risk factor.
  • People who suffer from obstructions or blockages in their urinary tract, such as an enlarged prostate, kidney stones, and uterine prolapse with bladder obstruction.
  • Diabetic persons
  • Pregnant
  • Individuals with a defected immune system

What causes a urinary tract infection?

Urinary tract infections are caused by microorganisms — usually bacteria — that enter the urethra and bladder, causing inflammation and infection. Though a UTI most commonly happens in the urethra and bladder, bacteria can also travel up the ureters and infect your kidneys. More than 90% of bladder infection (cystitis) cases are caused by E. coli, a bacteria normally found in the intestines.

What are the symptoms of urinary tract infection?

The lining of the urinary tract becomes red and inflamed (inflammation) as a result of a urinary tract infection, which can cause some of the following symptoms:

  • Abdomen, pelvic and suprapubic areas pain
  • Increased frequency of urination even for small volume of urine.
  • Painful urination
  • Blood in urine
  • Abnormal urine color, cloudy with odor.
  • If involving the kidneys then symptoms of fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, generalized tiredness and weakness.

How do you treat a urinary tract infection (UTI)?

A urinary tract infection must be treated. Antibiotics kill germs and help the body fight infection. Antibiotics are commonly used to treat infections of the urinary tract. Your doctor will choose a drug that is most effective against the bacteria that is causing your infection. Antibiotics that are widely used include:

  • Nitrofurantoin.
  • Fosfomycin
  • Sulfonamides (sulfa drugs).
  • Amoxicillin.
  • Cephalosporins.
  • Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim).
  • Doxycycline.
  • Quinolones (such as ciprofloxacin [Cipro]).
It's critical that you take the drug according to your healthcare provider's instructions. If your symptoms go away and you feel better, don't stop taking the antibiotic. It is possible that the infection will return if the full course of antibiotics is not taken.

  • Always better to drinks plenty of fluid
  • Treatment of associated genital tract infection weather in men or women
  • Control of DM
  • If the patient have symptoms of upper tract UTI, then ultrasound is essential
  • Antibiotic choose should be according to urine culture and bacterial sensitivity

Note: * The information on this website is not meant to be used to diagnose health conditions or to replace legitimate medical advice. All treatments mentioned are available for patients at Burjeel Hospital. Abu Dhabi at the concerned department.

Dr. Manaf Al Hashimi

Consultant - Urology / Head of Department

2022. Burjeel Hospital. All Rights Reserved.MOH Approval No. WQ48385