Sinusitis

published on: 25th august, 2021

Sinusitis is a condition in which the tissue lining the sinuses becomes inflamed or swollen. The sinuses of healthy people are full of air. Germs can thrive and create an illness if they get clogged and filled with fluid.

Sinus obstruction can be caused by a variety of factors:

  • Cold.
  • Allergic rhinitis; condition in which allergens cause swelling of the nasal lining.
  • Nasal polyps are little growths in the lining of the nose.

Who can get sinusitis?

Infections and smoking are the two main factors that increase the risk of adult sinusitis. As it’s more likely to affect you if you suffer from the below:

  • Nose swelling due to cold
  • Clogged drainage ducts
  • Differences in structure that constrict the ducts
  • Polyps in the nose
  • Immune system deficits or immune system suppressing medicines

How can you tell if you have sinusitis?

  • Cough
  • Face ache or pressure
  • Stuffy, runny nose
  • Loss of smell
  • Fever, fatigue
  • Bad breath,
  • dental pain

How to treat sinusitis?

Your doctor may advise you to use a decongestant and saline nasal washes if you have a minor sinus infection. However, using an over-the-counter decongestant for more than three days can make you even more clogged.

If you have chronic sinusitis, warm, moist air may assist. You can improve nose moisturization by inhaling nebulized saline (salt/seam rater) solutions.

You can do the following to relief the ease of chronic sinusitis:

  • Warm compresses for the nose
  • Saline nose drops
  • Use decongestant drops or sprays

How to prevent sinusitis?

There is no foolproof strategy to avoid sinusitis. However, there are a few things that could help.

  • Don't smoke, and stay away from others who do.
  • Hands should be washed frequently during winter season; avoid touching your face.
  • Avoid foods that you know you're allergic to.

What happens if it’s left untreated?

Until it starts to clear up, you'll be in agony and suffering. Untreated sinusitis can result in meningitis, a brain abscess, or a bone infection in rare situations. Discuss your concerns with your ENT doctor.

Note: * The information on this website is not meant to be used to diagnose health conditions or to replace legitimate medical advice. All treatments mentioned are available for patients at Burjeel Hospital. Abu Dhabi at the concerned department.

Dr. Aly Mohammed Nagy El-Makhzangy

Specialist – ENT

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