Prostate cancerpublished on: 10th august, 2021
Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate. The prostate is a small walnut-shaped gland in males that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Many prostate cancers grow slowly and are confined to the prostate gland, where they may not cause serious harm. However, while some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or even no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread quickly.
What are the stages?
Prostate cancer can be classified into distinct stages. Localized prostate cancer occurs when the tumor is contained within the prostate and has not disseminated.
In locally advanced prostate cancer, tumor has expanded out of the prostate into surrounding tissue such as the seminal vesicles, the bladder neck, or lymph nodes around the prostate.
When cancer has spread to distant lymph nodes or other organs, doctors refer to it as metastatic illness.
What are the factors that contribute to prostate cancer?
Factors that can increase your risk of prostate cancer include:
- Older age. Your risk of prostate cancer increases as you age. It's most common after age 50.
- Race. For reasons not yet determined, Black people have a greater risk of prostate cancer than do people of other races. In Black people, prostate cancer is also more likely to be aggressive or advanced.
- Family history. If a blood relative, such as a parent, sibling or child, has been diagnosed with prostate cancer, your risk may be increased.
How to know if you have a prostate cancer?
When prostate cancer causes symptoms, it usually means that cancer has progressed. As a result, it's critical that you consult a doctor to figure out what's causing the symptoms.
The symptoms may include:
Prostate cancer may cause no signs or symptoms in its early stages.
Prostate cancer that's more advanced may cause signs and symptoms such as:
- Trouble urinating, decreased force in the stream of urine and or Erectile dysfunction.
- Blood in the urine and or blood in the semen
- Bone pain
- Losing weight
Is prostate cancer treatable?
If you have localized prostate cancer, your doctor may suggest conservative follow up only for small non- aggressive tumor, surgical treatment (radical prostatectomy), radiation therapy, or ablation therapy, which is a novel experimental procedure.
If you have locally advanced prostate cancer, your doctor may suggest surgical radical prostatectomy, or a combination of radiation and hormonal therapy.
Your doctor will prescribe hormone therapy if you have metastatic prostate cancer. This is a component of palliative care. The treatment will assist manage the symptoms as well as decrease the growth of the original tumor and metastases.
There are many treatment options that might be suggested based on your case. Consult your doctor for a better understanding.
Note: * The information on this website is not meant to be used to diagnose health conditions or to replace legitimate medical advice. All treatments mentioned are available for patients at Burjeel Hospital. Abu Dhabi at the concerned department.
Dr. Manaf Al Hashimi
Consultant - Urology / Head of Department
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